Fertilizer Basics

The Breakdown:

  • The first component you see on a bag of fertilizer stands for Nitrogen (N). The 24 means there is 24% Nitrogen in the bag.
  • The second component you see in the series stands for Phosphorus (P). The 0 means there is 0% Phosphorus in the blend.
  • The last component in the series stands for Potassium (K). The 10 represents 10% Potassium.

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24 - 0 - 10
Nitrogen   Phosphorus   Potassium

 

The Analysis
You can’t expect to have a lush green lawn without knowing what fertilizers are, what’s available and what your lawn needs. Each bag of fertilizer has an analysis of the nutrients of the fertilizer, for example 24-0-10. The first component you see on a bag of fertilizer stands for Nitrogen (N). The 24 means there is 24% Nitrogen in the bag. Nitrogen is the most important element you can add to your lawn to make the grass grow and get its green color. It also helps to create lawn thickness, shoot density and sturdy growth to help fight off weeds and pests. Normally, the second component you see in the series stands for Phosphorus (P). The 0 means there is 0% Phosphorus in the blend. Phosphorus is used primarily to encourage strong grass root growth and establishment. Starter fertilizers usually contain Phosphorus to encourage fast growth of new lawns or to revive old lawns. The last component in the series stands for Potassium (K). In this example, the 10 represents 10% Potassium. Potassium is used to enhance your lawn’s resistance to disease, drought, wear and cold weather. The three ingredients can be blended into numerous combinations to create a fertilizer that is perfect for your lawn.

 

When to Fertilize
The key component to fertilizing your lawn is to fertilize year round. Ideally, lawns should be fertilized 4 times each year to effectively control weeds and nourish your lawn. In spring, you should fertilize with a crabgrass preventer, like Green Pro Crabgrass Preventer 27-0-8. Our crabgrass preventer prevents crabgrass seeds from sprouting as well as controlling young seedlings from taking over your lawn and fertilizes in one application. Crabgrass Preventers should be applied from March thru early May. The second feeding your lawn needs is a weed and feed product, like Green Pro Weed ‘N’ Feed 25-0-8. Weed and Feed products should be applied from April thru June to fertilize and control broadleaf weeds in your lawn – weeds like dandelions, clover, chickweed or plantain. Essentially, you can apply a weed and feed product any time during the season as long as the weeds are up. The third feeding can tend to be the one that is forgotten, but it’s the most crucial to protect your lawn from the stress of summer. Green Pro Lawn Fertilizer 24-0-10 is designed to help fight off summer stressors such as excessive heat, drought and high traffic. Lawn Fertilizer should be applied from July thru September. It is also an ideal all season fertilizer with slow release Nitrogen for continuous feeding if you prefer not to use crabgrass preventer or weed and feed. You can use it anytime or multiple times throughout the summer. The last feeding is a Winterizer 

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which is normally applied from late August thru November and is designed to prepare your lawn for the harshness of winter. Green Pro Winterizer 26-0-13 has a root-building formula to withstand winter dormancy, encourage drought resistance and increase plant hardiness. BCA Products has created a convenient 4 Step Revive and Thrive Program to guide you as to what product to apply and when it should be applied if you are uncertain.